Free read ´ Outliers The Story of Success 106

  • Hardcover
  • 309
  • Outliers The Story of Success
  • Malcolm Gladwell
  • English
  • 28 March 2017
  • 9780316017923

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Outliers The Story of Success

Malcolm Gladwell ´ 6 Free read

In this stunning new book Malcolm Gladwell takes us on an intellectual journey through the world of outliers the best and the brightest the most famous and the most successful He asks the uestion what makes high ach. When I think about Malcolm Gladwell the first phrase that comes to mind is less than meets the eye At first glance his work seems thoroughly researched even visionary at times Beginning with a few maverick counter intuitive insights he often ends with an affirmation of consensus but it is a consensus that has been broadened by investigation and enriched by nuanceOn second look however I'm no longer sure any of this is true What first appeared to be new insights are nothing but familiar landmarks previously unrecognizable because of the adoption of a deliberately mannered perspective; even the once apparent breadth and nuance now seem triumphs of language over logic the apparent inevitability of his arguments an illusion conjured by the spell of his limpid proseTake one small example from Outliers With a flurry of standardized test statistics Gladwell makes the case that the traditional summer vacation however rewarding it may be for the middle class is just not working for the poor I'll concede the point for the sake of argument but any high school teacher will tell you how suspect conclusions drawn from such statistics can be He then presents a sustained anecdote about a successful all year round secondary school in a poor neighborhood His conclusion We should go to school year round Sounds reasonable right But what about a obvious solution as a society we could decide to work together so that summer can be a learning experience for the poor by instituting a myriad of basketball camps music camps art camps chess camps traditional summer camps etc held at schools community centers and city parks and staffed by college students artists and teachers from the neighborhood Gladwell often reminds me of the last panel of a Dilbert cartoon two panels of plain speaking criticism followed by one panel of resignation And no real insight no real hope for the future

Summary ´ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB ´ Malcolm Gladwell

Ievers differentHis answer is that we pay too much attention to what successful people are like and too little attention to where they are from that is their culture their family their generation and the idiosyncrat. Malcolm Gladwell's new book reads like a series of cocktail party anecdotes Whether the book is a mere fluff piece or something is open to debate At its heart it has two themes 1 That success depends not just on talent but opportunity and 2 that success and failure also depend on the cultural legacies we inherit from our forebears Boiled down here are his essential ideasOPPORTUNITY1 Luck matters Hockey players who happened to be born between January and March were disproportionately represented in professional hockey leagues From an early age these players were the oldest in their age bracket and therefore bigger and coordinated Coaches selected them for better training and playing opportunities and overtime success bred success Likewise students who happened to be older for their class scored higher on math and science tests than their younger classmates and were likely to be picked for gifted and other advanced programs 2 Even smart people need 10000 hours of practice before they master a skill Those that can get those 10000 hours during childhood are a step ahead Bill Gates Steve Jobs and The Beatles all had uniue opportunities to have lots and lots of practice in their specialties at an early age before becoming successful3 After 120 increases in I are less important than creativity and practical intelligence knowing what to say to whom knowing when to say it and knowing how to say it for maximum effect A lifelong study of geniuses showed they were no successful than the average population Nobel laureates are just as likely to come from City College of NY Augsburg College or Gettysburg College as they are from HarvardLEGACY4 Rural Americans in backcountry states Kentucky Tennessee North South Carolina inherited a culture of honor from their Scotch Irish forefathers These herdsmen warriors brought with them a willingness to fight in response to the smallest slight This led to a pattern of bloody and violent feuds between families across the Appalachian states Think Hatfields vs McCoys5 Korean Airlines had an unusually high rate of plane crashes because of the Korean culture's extreme deference to superiors Junior pilots were reluctant to directly contradict their Captain on a flight even in the face of grave error This explains for instance the Korean Air Flight 801 crash in Guam in 1997 When the airline hired a specialist from Delta to retrain the pilots to speak transparently their safety record went up dramatically6 Asians are good at math and science because their ancestors planted rice paddies Rice farming was labor intensive than Western agriculture Asians have inherited this stick with it ness that allows them to excel in math and science where perseverance is mandatory7 Unlike rice paddies wheat or corn fields need to be left fallow every few years Early American educators adopted this principle toward schooling that students must not be exhausted Hence the long summer vacation a distinctly American legacy But this legacy is counterproductive because kids tend to forget things over the summer Kids who go to schools with shorter summer breaks tend to have higher test scores

Characters Outliers The Story of Success

Ic experiences of their upbringing Along the way he explains the secrets of software billionaires what it takes to be a great soccer player why Asians are good at math and what made the Beatles the greatest rock ban. People are criticizing this book because it is not a journal article Well guess what we're not all sociologists I have read plenty of journal articles in my own field law I'm in no position to read journal articles in fields outside my own Having a well written piece of mass market writing is just the thing I need to access this informationAnother criticism of the book is that Gladwell is the master of the anecdote Well it seems to me that ALL SOCIAL SCIENCE is in some sense anecdotal Every survey even a methodologically perfect one is necessarily un abstract and anecdotal it is based on survey research from particular people and there's no way to derive abstract rules governing society from that like math This notion of how Gladwell is all anecdotal bothers me So what If a good anecdote gets you to look at a situation in a new way or makes a powerful point that's excellent Any writer worth his or her salt LOVES a good anecdote to grab the attention of the reader

About the Author: Malcolm Gladwell

Malcolm Gladwell is the author of five New York Times bestsellers—The Tipping Point Blink Outliers What the Dog Saw and David and Goliath He is also the co founder of Pushkin Industries an audio content company that produces the podcasts Revisionist History which reconsiders things both overlooked and misunderstood and Broken Record where he Rick Rubin and Bruce Headlam interview musici